Periodontal disease (gum disease)
Is an inflammatory reaction of the gingiva. Is characterized by a red color, inflammation and bleeding of the gum. Normally it originates from bad dental hygiene, although it can also appear by others causes such as pregnancy or medications. When not taken care of in time becomes periodontitis.
When the inflammation of the gums is left untreated and advances. The plaque accumulates between the gum and the tooth, causing excessive bleeding and miscarriage along with periodontal pockets, an ideal place where the bacteria are responsible for destroying the bone and tissues that support the teeth. This can give place to tooth mobility and even loss of the teeth. This has been associated with periodontal disease with the increase of risk of suffering cardiovascular disease, premature births and modification of diabetic patient’s metabolic state.