Ear surgery, or otoplasty, is usually done to set prominent ears back closer to the head or to reduce the size of large ears
Prominent ears and lop ears are a very common congenital malformation. The basic defect is due to an abnormality localized in the ear cartilage. This abnormality can be of two types:
- Missing fold in the cartilage in the area known as the antehelix.
- Exaggerated growth of the shell which is the ear cartilage, or it may have an excessive angle or separation from the head, the effect is that the ear is separated from the face.
Correction of lop ears should take place after the patient is 6 -7 years of age, once growth is completed.
More information about Ear Surgery
There are numerous techniques, but the most frequent consists in making a small incision in the back of the ear, thus this incision is imperceptible.
Through this incision we can reach the ear cartilage to where the antehelix presents the missing curvature, here we place stitches with the intention of folding the cartilage on itself.
If there is a defect in the shell of the ear we will place some stitches that will lead this part of the cartilage towards others.
- Full blood test.
During the first 48 hours a compressive bandage will be worn. There might be a certain swelling of the ears this swelling will progressively disappear during the next few days. The stitches are removed after approximately 7 – 8 days.
While the stitches are still in place we will have to be very careful when washing our hair so as not to affect the wound. We mustn’t use a hot air hairdryer in the area. A special light compressive bandage should be worn at night during the first 15 days.
Anesthesia: with sedatives in adults, general in children.
Place of intervention: Outpatient surgery centre – Hospital.
Surgery time: 1 – 1:30 hours.
Stay in hospital: Hours – One day.